Comparison of traditional methods of lake reclamation with microbiological methods.
There are several methods of lake reclamation, but they all share the same goal – improving the condition of the aquatic ecosystem. Poor conditions in the water can be caused by an excess of nutrients, toxic substances, as well as by increases in climate change. As a result, eutrophication occurs, which manifests itself in high concentrations of phosphates and nitrates in the water, massive phytoplankton blooms, production of cyanotoxins, high siltation, and the destruction of flora and fauna, etc.
Traditional reclamation methods are based on the inactivation or physical removal of nutrients. However, each method has some drawbacks. When choosing the right method, one must also take into account the limitations resulting from the topography, the nature of the lake, or the budget allocated to improving the water condition.